Abstract Deductive Reasoning Tests

  • These are tests of Fluid reasoning (Gf) designed to examine strategic thinking and logical reasoning.
  • These tests helps examine a person’s ability to solve more complex problems. These tests are popular because they are largely unrelated to education or acculturation. These tests are therefore good choices pre-employment testing because they assess candidates on an even playing field.
  • Abstract reasoning tests are good measures of a candidate’s raw intelligence. As a measure of Fluid reasoning (Gf), they are defined by requiring a candidate to use deliberate and controlled mental operations, often in a flexible manner, and to solve novel problems that cannot be performed automatically.
  • Mental operations often include drawing inferences, concept formation, classification, generalisation, generating and testing hypothesis, identifying relations, comprehending implications, problem solving, extrapolating, and transforming information.
  • Inductive and deductive reasoning are generally considered the hallmark indicators of Gf. Gf has been linked to cognitive complexity which is typically defined as the greater use of a wide and diverse array of elementary cognitive processes during performance. Historically this ability is often referred to as fluid intelligence.
  • Abstract reasoning tests are widely used in pre-employment testing regimes. They are an extremely useful type of psychometric test that measures cognitive ability and potential.